Cytology is a rapid, inexpensive, minimally invasive and effective diagnostic method with high applicability in any veterinary clinic or hospital.
Histopathology is an advanced examination method used for certain diagnosis of lesions. It studies tissular pattern, cell morphological details and connection between them and relations with adjacent normal tissue (inflammatory reaction, pathogens agents, cellular differentiation grade, infiltrative behaviour, vascular invasion, margins evaluation).
Bacteriology involves the cultivation and identification of bacterial elements in pathological samples and the establishment of susceptibility to antibiotics. Mycology involves the cultivation and identification of fungi from pathological samples (yeasts, molds, dimorphic fungi).
Real-time PCR is a quantitative technique, based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR), that monitors the amplification of a targeted DNA / RNA molecule during PCR (in real-time) with the production of a specific fluorescent signal.
Through the coproparasitological examination, intestinal parasites and, sometimes pulmonary parasites are detected. The used methods consist of:
The use of immunocytochemistry is recommended for differential diagnosis between neoplastic processes (e.g. B cell lymphoma VS T cell lymphoma, sarcoma VS carcinoma, etc.) and for diagnosis of certainty in certain infectious diseases (coronavirus).
The use of immunohistochemistry is recommended for differential diagnosis between neoplastic processes (e.g. B-cell lymphoma versus T-cell lymphoma, sarcoma versus carcinoma, neuroectodermal tumours, etc.), to establish prognostic factors in neoplastic processes, and to make a diagnosis of certainty in certain infectious diseases (coronavirus, herpesvirus, calicivirus, etc.).